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  • 11 Jun 2020
  • Canada
  • Mexico
  • USA
  • Type 86
  • ACAS
  • ACE
  • Section 321
  • eCommerce

Type 86 and ACAS


Table of Contents:

Type 86 and ACAS: Section 321 Shipments

Type 86 Key Changes

Air Cargo Processing

Required Data Elements

GeTS ACE Air and eCommerce Services for Type 86 and ACAS

The rise of ecommerce has increased the volume of international shipments entering the U.S. from other countries. Type 86 is designed to improve import safety and security by providing greater visibility into ecommerce shipments, the majority of which are low value parcels. The new entry type takes advantage of the revised NAFTA (USMCA), which raises the de minimis thresholds for Canada and Mexico in order to support and encourage ecommerce trade among the three member nations. Read on to learn more about Type 86 and ACAS and how they affect business.


Type 86 and ACAS: Section 321 Shipments

Type 86 and ACAS: Section 321 Shipments


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Type 86 covers all Section 321 low value shipments through ACE. Section 321 is an informal release option for imported goods valued at $800 or less. Section 321 goods can enter the U.S. free of duty and tax as long as the proper forms are submitted to CBP. It allows the consignee to be the importer themselves, bypassing the duty requirement for goods purchased outside the United States.


Compared to formal entries, informal Type 86 Section 321 shipments also require fewer documents and data elements to be submitted, allowing ecommerce importers and shippers to save time and money. Essentially, Type 86 expands the number of good that qualify as Section 321, including goods regulated by participating government agencies (PGAs) like the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Before, low-value shipments under PGA control were not allowed to enter the country under an informal entry.


Type 86 changes that, allowing importer and shippers to move more low-value ecommerce shipments while reducing transport and labor costs. Type 86 also streamlines customs processing to ease the administrative burden on importers and carriers.


CBP deployed Entry Type 86 on September 28, 2019 for testing. As of June 2020, CBP has not made type 86 mandatory for obtaining release of low value Section 321 shipments. Section 321 clearance processes using manifests are still in effect. Type 86 is simply an alternative for importers and brokers.


Type 86 Key Changes


Customs brokers and importer self-filers using the ABI will be affected by the voluntary test.

Filers can transmit low-value shipment data using the entry Type 86 transaction, including information about the importer and consignee via ABI.

Type 86 allows an entry to be filed with PGA data for shipments valued at $800 or less.

Type 86 allows one bill per entry.

Filers will receive electronic release messages from CBP for these low value shipments.

CBP and filers can review Type 86 entries via ACE Reports.


Importer self-filers or their authorized agents (custom brokers) must provide the following data in entry Type 86: Bill of lading or air waybill number, entry number, port of entry, shipper and consignee information, country of origin, quantity, fair retail value in the country of shipment, 10-digit Harmonized Tariff Schedule number, and the importer of record (IOR) number.


Type 86 can be used at any port in the U.S. one time per person per day for low value Section 321 shipments, except for quota goods, goods subject to antidumping and countervailing duties, certain tobacco and alcohol products, and goods taxed under the Internal Revenue Code. PGA-regulated commodities that require fees on import are also not eligible for Type 86.


Air Cargo Processing

Type 86 and ACAS: Air Cargo Processing


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Submitting Type 86 entries is the responsibility of the importer/customs broker for Section 321 shipments transported by air. Meanwhile, the carrier and freight forwarder are responsible for submitting the post-departure Air Automated Manifest Data (AMS) through the Automated Targeting System (ATS), as well as pre-departure Air Cargo Advance Screening (ACAS) information.


CBP and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) developed the ACAS program to improve security and risk assessment processes in the air cargo industry. ACAS helps CBP officers better target high-risk, inbound air shipments.


On June 12, 2018, ACAS was made mandatory for any inbound and in-transit aircraft carrying commercial cargo. Carriers or their authorized representatives must transmit electronic air cargo data to CBP as early as practicable, but no later than before the cargo is loaded onto the aircraft at the foreign airport.


Sometimes, other parties like freight forwarders have access to updated ACAS data sooner than the air carrier, so the forwarder can transmit the information to CBP in this case. It is the responsibility of the inbound air carrier to transmit the data to CBP if no other party is filing.


Required Data Elements


ACAS is an additional requirement to the post-departure AMS. ACAS submissions must include the following information:


House level air waybill number

Shipper name and address

Consignee name and address


Amount (piece count)

Detailed description of the goods

Message sender


Filers can transmit data to CBP via a single air AMS filing (satisfies both ACAS and AMS requirements), two-part carrier filing (pre-loading ACAS data and post-departure AMS submitted at the same time), or dual filing (freight forwarders meets ACAS and AMS requirements, while carriers perform any required cargo screening before cargo loading).


CBP sends notifications to the filer for accepted and rejected filings. If the filing is rejected, the error is shown in the message. The carrier or filer must correct the error and resubmit as soon as possible. Duplicate filings are considered updates by the ACAS system.


GeTS ACE Air and eCommerce Services for Type 86 and ACAS

GeTS ACE Air and eCommerce Services for Type 86 and ACAS


Sign Up Now and Get your Type 86 Clearance FREE trial!


ACE Air from Global eTrade Services (GeTS) allows carriers to file in-bond, permit to proceed, and local transfers electronically. Filers are notified of releases, in-bond authorizations, general order, permit to proceed, and local transfer authorization upon flight departure or arrival from the last foreign port. Air waybills can be submitted in any sequence.


GeTS eCommerce Managed Services for air cargo supports ACAS/AMS bulk filing for Type 86 Section 321 low-value shipments. No need to fulfill shipments via an express consignment carrier facility (ECCF) in two airports only (JFK or LAX). GeTS offers an alternative clearance method that is similar to using an ECCF, but clients have more airport options than they would have otherwise. Note that clearing time may be slower (2-5 days depending on the airport).


For importer self-filers, GeTS ABI filing software greatly simplifies Entry Type 86 preparation and filing for bulk low-value ecommerce shipments transported by air carrier. GeTS ABI supports customs compliance, valuation, tariff classification and PGA communication.


GeTS ACE Air and eCommerce Services benefits:


More airport options. Fulfill shipments via Express Consignment Carrier Facility (ECCF) through four airports (LAX, SFO, JFK and ATL)

Competitive pricing. Since this is not an express clearance, filers can save $1 per house bill.

Optimize compliance. File accurate, complete and timely air cargo declarations to improve compliance and streamline processes. Comprehensive validation ensures accurate data entry.

24/7 customer support. GeTS provides 24/7 expert assistance on customs compliance matters.

Multiple filing options. Clients may use the web-based application (ideal for on-the-go filing) or opt for advanced integration with ERP or similar systems for seamless processing. GeTS can also handle submission and filing of all air cargo declarations on your behalf.


Learn more by visiting our Type 86 and ACAS page or contact us today!


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Related Pages:

CBP Entry Type 86 Clearance for eCommerce Shipments

What Importers Need to Know About Section 321 Entry Type 86

eCommerce Compliance


eCommerce Managed Services

How to Clear Express Consignment Carrier Facility (ECCF) Shipments

What is Section 321 (CBP Shipment Type)?